The Pinctada Maxima is the world’s largest pearl yielding oyster, which is found in the southern seas. It is of 9 – 20 mm size and has thick nacre or ‘mother of pearl’. It has a satiny luster and comes in white or gold colors. The size is round, oval, drop, semi-baroque, circle, triangle and baroque. They have been revered as a symbol of wealth and luxury, and are regarded as the rarest and beautiful cultured pearls in the world. They have a large size and a great array of natural shades.
South Sea pearls are found in White and Gold colours, white to cream tinge pearls are found in northwest of Australia and Gold shade pearls are found in Philippines and Indonesia.
South Sea pearls demand highest value due to their scare availability, large sizes and fine lustre.